How to become PCS officer-SALARY Rs132,000 ,PCS FULL FORM,PCS ELIGIBILITY

how to become a pcs officer after graduation in india

To become a PCS officer after graduation, you need to go through a rigorous selection process conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) in India. Here are the steps you can follow:

  1. Understand the Eligibility Criteria: Make sure you meet the eligibility requirements set by the UPSC. The basic eligibility is a bachelor’s degree in any discipline from a recognized university. There are also age limits and attempts restrictions, so check the official UPSC notification for the specific details.
  2. Choose Your Optional Subject: The UPSC exam includes a preliminary examination followed by a main examination. In the main examination, you have to choose an optional subject. Select a subject that you are comfortable with and have a genuine interest in, as it can greatly affect your preparation and performance.
  3. Prepare for the UPSC Examination: The UPSC examination is considered one of the toughest competitive exams. Start your preparation well in advance and create a study plan. Gather the necessary study materials, including textbooks, reference books, and current affairs magazines. Cover the entire syllabus systematically and focus on both the preliminary and main examination.
  4. Familiarize Yourself with the Exam Pattern: Understand the exam pattern, marking scheme, and the subjects included in the syllabus. The UPSC exam consists of two stages: the Preliminary Examination (objective type) and the Main Examination (descriptive type). Additionally, there is a personality test (interview) conducted for candidates who qualify the main examination.
  5. Enhance Your General Knowledge: General knowledge plays a crucial role in the UPSC examination. Stay updated with current affairs by reading newspapers, magazines, and reliable online sources. Focus on national and international events, government schemes, policies, and socio-economic issues.
  6. Practice Answer Writing: Answer writing is a vital aspect of the UPSC main examination. Practice writing answers within the prescribed word limits and develop your skills in presenting your thoughts concisely and effectively. Review and analyze your answers to improve your writing style and content.
  7. Mock Tests and Previous Year Question Papers: Take mock tests and solve previous year question papers to get a sense of the exam pattern, time management, and improve your problem-solving skills. This will help you gauge your preparation level and identify areas that need improvement.
  8. Develop Analytical and Interpersonal Skills: As an PCS officer, you will be expected to have strong analytical skills and effective interpersonal communication abilities. Enhance your critical thinking, decision-making, and problem-solving skills. Engage in group discussions and debates to improve your communication and presentation skills.
  9. Stay Motivated and Maintain Discipline: The UPSC journey can be demanding and time-consuming. Stay motivated throughout the preparation process and maintain discipline in your study routine. Surround yourself with positive influences and seek support from friends, family, or fellow aspirants to stay focused and motivated.
  10. Clear the UPSC Examination: Once you are well-prepared, apply for the UPSC examination through the official UPSC website. Clear the preliminary examination to qualify for the main examination. If you perform well in the main examination, you will be called for a personality test (interview). The final selection is based on the combined performance in the main examination and the interview.

Remember, becoming a PCS officer requires dedication, hard work, and perseverance. It’s important to have a clear understanding of the examination process and syllabus, and consistently work towards improving your knowledge and skills. Good luck with your preparations!

Starting salary of PCS OFFICER in india 2023

. The in-hand salary, which is the amount of money that the officer actually receives after deductions, is typically around Rs. 56,000 to Rs. 132,000.


how to become a PCS OFFICER in india after 12th

To become an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer after completing your 12th grade, you need to follow a specific path. Here are the steps you can take:

  1. Choose the Right Course: After completing your 12th grade, you can pursue any bachelor’s degree program from a recognized university. There is no specific stream or subject requirement to become an PCS officer. You can choose a subject you are interested in or a course that aligns with your career goals.
  2. Clear the Civil Services Examination (CSE): The Civil Services Examination is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) in India. It is a three-stage examination that consists of the Preliminary Examination, Main Examination, and Interview. The examination assesses your knowledge, aptitude, and skills required for administrative positions. It tests your understanding of various subjects such as history, geography, polity, economics, science, and current affairs.
  3. Prepare for the Civil Services Examination: The CSE is highly competitive and requires thorough preparation. Here are some steps to help you prepare effectively: a. Understand the Exam Pattern: Familiarize yourself with the exam pattern, syllabus, and marking scheme of the CSE. Gather relevant study materials and resources. b. Create a Study Plan: Devise a study plan that allows you to cover the entire syllabus systematically. Allocate sufficient time for each subject and focus on areas where you need more improvement. c. Read Newspapers and Current Affairs: Stay updated with current affairs by reading newspapers, magazines, and online sources. Develop a habit of analyzing news events and their implications. d. Refer to Standard Books: Consult standard textbooks recommended for the subjects in the CSE syllabus. Make concise notes for quick revision. e. Practice Answer Writing: Enhance your writing skills by practicing answer writing. Solve previous years’ question papers and mock tests to understand the exam pattern and time management. f. Join Coaching or Online Courses: Consider joining a reputed coaching institute or online courses that offer guidance and provide study materials specifically tailored for the CSE.
  4. Apply for the Civil Services Examination: Once you feel adequately prepared, you can apply for the Civil Services Examination through the UPSC official website ( The notification for the exam is usually released in February or March every year.
  5. Clear the Examination Stages: Clear the Preliminary Examination, which consists of two objective-type papers. If you qualify, you can appear for the Main Examination, which is a subjective-type written exam. Successful candidates are then called for the final stage, which is the interview or personality test conducted by the UPSC.
  6. Rank and Allocation: Based on your performance in the Main Examination and Interview, you will be assigned a rank. The top-ranking candidates get the opportunity to choose the service of their choice, including the IAS, based on their rank and vacancies available.
  7. Training and Posting: Once selected for the IAS, you will undergo training at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) in Mussoorie. After completion of training, you will be posted as a probationary officer in different administrative positions across the country.

Remember that the journey to become an PCS officer requires dedication, hard work, and perseverance. It is important to stay motivated and consistently update your knowledge to keep up with the evolving nature of the examination.

Youngest IAS OFFICER in india

The youngest PCS officer in India is Poonam Chaudhary, who was 21 years old when she cleared the Uttar Pradesh Public Service Commission (UPPSC) PCS exam in 2016. She hails from Chandigarh and is a graduate in political science from Panjab University.

Minimum age to become IAS OFFICER in india

The minimum age to apply for the PCS exam is 21 years. This is the same for all PCS exams conducted by different state public service commissions (PSCs) in India.



IAS OFFICER age limit

The maximum age limit for the PCS exam varies from state to state. For example, the maximum age limit for the UPPSC PCS exam is 40 years, while the maximum age limit for the MPPSC PCS exam is 35 years.

The age limit for becoming an Indian PCS officer is determined by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC), which conducts the Civil Services Examination. The age limit varies depending on the category of the candidate. Here are the general age limits:

  1. General Category: The candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have exceeded the age of 32 years on the 1st of August of the examination year.
  2. OBC (Other Backward Classes) Category: The candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have exceeded the age of 35 years on the 1st of August of the examination year.
  3. SC/ST (Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe) Category: The candidate must have attained the age of 21 years and must not have exceeded the age of 37 years on the 1st of August of the examination year.
  4. Physically Disabled Category: For candidates with disabilities, the age limit is further relaxed. The maximum age limit for general category candidates with benchmark disabilities is 42 years, for OBC candidates it is 45 years, and for SC/ST candidates, it is 47 years.

It’s important to note that these age limits are subject to change and may vary slightly depending on the specific year’s notification issued by the UPSC. It’s advisable to refer to the official notification for the most accurate and up-to-date information regarding the age limits for the PCS examination.

IAS OFFICER Retirement

The retirement age of a PCS officer in India is 60 years. This is the same for all PCS officers, regardless of the state in which they serve.

However, there are some exceptions to this rule. For example, PCS officers who are appointed to the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) or the Indian Police Service (IPS) are subject to the retirement age of those services, which is 62 years.

IAS OFFICER salary in india 2023

A table showing the salary of a UPPSC PCS officer at different levels:

LevelPay scaleIn-hand salary
Junior Scale8Rs. 9,300-34,800
Senior Scale10Rs. 15,600-39,100
Junior Administrative Grade11Rs. 67,700-160,000
Selection Grade12Rs. 78,800-191,500

PCS OFFICER Qualification

  1. The qualification requirements to become an PCS officer in 2023 are generally as follows:
  2. Nationality: The candidate must be a citizen of India. For certain cases, citizens of Nepal, Bhutan, and Tibetan refugees who came to India before January 1, 1962, with the intention of permanently settling in India, are also eligible.
  3. Age Limit: The age limit for general category candidates is typically between 21 and 32 years as of August 1st of the examination year. However, age relaxations are provided for candidates from reserved categories and those with disabilities.
  4. Educational Qualification: The candidate must hold a bachelor’s degree from a recognized university. There is no specific stream or subject requirement, so candidates from any discipline can apply.
  5. Number of Attempts: The number of attempts allowed to appear for the Civil Services Examination, including the IAS, varies based on the candidate’s category. Generally, for the general category, it is six attempts, while there are relaxations for candidates from reserved categories.
  6. It’s important to note that these qualification requirements are based on the general eligibility criteria for the Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). However, it’s recommended to refer to the official notification and guidelines issued by the UPSC for the most accurate and up-to-date information regarding the qualification requirements for the PCS examination in 2023.

PCS OFFICER syllabus 2023

  • The syllabus for the PCS officer exam is different for each state. However, there are some common subjects that are tested in all PCS exams. These subjects include:
  • General Studies: This subject includes a wide range of topics, such as history, geography, economics, polity, and current affairs.
  • English: This subject tests the candidate’s ability to read, write, and understand English.
  • Logical Reasoning: This subject tests the candidate’s ability to solve logical puzzles and problems.
  • Quantitative Aptitude: This subject tests the candidate’s ability to solve mathematical problems.
  • General Knowledge: This subject tests the candidate’s knowledge of general topics, such as science, technology, and culture.
  • In addition to these common subjects, some PCS exams also test specific subjects that are relevant to the state in which the exam is being conducted. For example, the UPPSC PCS exam tests a subject called “Uttar Pradesh Special”. This subject tests the candidate’s knowledge of the history, geography, culture, and economy of Uttar Pradesh.

What skills do you need to be a IAS OFFICER

To become an Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer, certain skills and qualities are essential. Here are some key skills that are important for an PCS officer:

  1. Leadership Skills: PCS officers hold significant administrative responsibilities and need strong leadership skills to effectively lead and manage teams, make decisions, and implement policies.
  2. Communication Skills: Good communication skills, both verbal and written, are crucial for an PCS officer. They need to communicate effectively with colleagues, subordinates, higher authorities, and the public. Clear and concise communication helps in conveying ideas, policies, and instructions efficiently.
  3. Analytical and Problem-Solving Skills: PCS officers often encounter complex challenges and problems that require critical thinking and analytical abilities. They should be able to analyze situations, identify issues, and develop effective solutions.
  4. Decision-Making Skills: IAS officers are responsible for making important decisions that impact policies, governance, and public welfare. Strong decision-making skills, based on careful analysis and consideration of various factors, are necessary to make informed and effective choices.
  5. Integrity and Ethics: High ethical standards and integrity are essential qualities for an PCS officer. They should uphold honesty, transparency, and ethical conduct while performing their duties and handling public resources.
  6. Adaptability and Flexibility: IAS officers work in a dynamic and ever-changing environment. They need to be adaptable and flexible in dealing with diverse situations, challenges, and stakeholders.
  7. Interpersonal Skills: Building and maintaining effective relationships with people from different backgrounds and sectors is crucial for an PCS officer. Strong interpersonal skills help in collaboration, negotiation, and consensus-building.
  8. Emotional Intelligence: Emotional intelligence involves self-awareness, empathy, and the ability to understand and manage one’s own emotions and the emotions of others. PCS officers need emotional intelligence to handle difficult situations, manage conflicts, and empathize with the needs and concerns of the people they serve.
  9. Time Management and Organizational Skills: PCS officers handle multiple tasks, deadlines, and responsibilities. Effective time management and organizational skills help them prioritize tasks, manage their workload, and meet deadlines efficiently.
  10. Continuous Learning: Being a lifelong learner is crucial for an PCS officer. They should have a thirst for knowledge, stay updated with current affairs, and actively seek opportunities for professional development and learning.

These skills, combined with knowledge, competence, and dedication, contribute to the effectiveness and success of an PCS officer in fulfilling their administrative responsibilities and serving the public.


The eligibility criteria for the PCS officer exam vary from state to state. However, there are some common eligibility criteria that all candidates must meet. These include:

  • Nationality: Candidates must be Indian citizens.
  • Age: Candidates must be between the ages of 21 and 40 years.
  • Educational qualification: Candidates must have a Bachelor’s degree from a recognized university.
  • Physical fitness: Candidates must be physically fit to perform the duties of a PCS officer.
  • Character: Candidates must have a good character and reputation.


To prepare for the PCS examination, it is essential to refer to the right study materials and books that cover the various subjects included in the syllabus. Here are some recommended books for PCS preparation:

  1. Indian Polity by M. Laxmikanth: This book provides an in-depth understanding of the Indian political system, constitution, and governance. It covers topics related to the polity and governance portion of the syllabus.
  2. Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh: This book covers the concepts, principles, and issues related to the Indian economy. It is a comprehensive resource for understanding economic aspects for the exam.
  3. A Brief History of Modern India by Spectrum: This book covers the modern history of India from the mid-18th century to the present. It provides a concise overview of the major events, movements, and personalities that shaped modern India.
  4. Geography of India by Majid Husain: This book covers the physical, human, and economic geography of India. It is a useful resource for understanding India’s geographical features, resources, and regional diversity.
  5. India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipan Chandra: This book provides a detailed account of the Indian freedom struggle. It covers the socio-political aspects and important events leading to India’s independence.
  6. General Studies Paper I Manual by Tata McGraw Hill: This book is specifically designed to cover various topics of the General Studies Paper I of the UPSC examination. It provides comprehensive coverage of subjects like history, geography, art and culture, and current affairs.
  7. General Studies Paper II Manual by MHE: This book focuses on the topics covered in the General Studies Paper II, which includes areas like governance, constitution, international relations, and social justice.
  8. Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude for Civil Services Examination by G. Subba Rao and P.N. Roy Chowdhury: This book covers the ethics, integrity, and aptitude portion of the syllabus. It provides theoretical concepts and practical case studies related to ethics in governance.
  9. NCERT Books: The NCERT textbooks of various subjects from classes 6 to 12 are recommended for a strong foundation and understanding of concepts.

Apart from these, referring to newspapers like The Hindu, magazines like Yojana, and other relevant study materials, previous years’ question papers, and practice sets are also beneficial.

Remember, it’s important to refer to the most updated editions of these books and materials to align with any changes in the syllabus or exam pattern. Additionally, it’s advisable to consult with experienced mentors or coaching institutes to get personalized guidance and suggestions for book recommendations based on your strengths and weaknesses.


How many years does it take to become an PCS officer after 12th

The process of becoming an PCS officer can take approximately five to six years or more from the completion of the 12th grade, depending on individual circumstances, including the time taken to complete a bachelor’s degree, the duration of preparation, and the success in clearing the Civil Services Examination.

What is a PCS officer?

A PCS officer is a member of the state civil service in India. PCS officers are responsible for a wide range of functions, including administration, law enforcement, and social welfare

How do I become a PCS officer?

The first step to becoming a PCS officer is to check the eligibility criteria for the PCS officer exam in the state where you want to apply. Once you have determined that you are eligible, you can apply for the exam. The application process for the PCS officer exam varies from state to state.

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